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Secrets of Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia): Flavour, How hot it is

Ghost Pepper

Ghost Pepper

Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia)

Chilies are the most used condiments in our regular foodstuffs. There are a variety of chilies available in the market. Some are highly pepperiest others are not spicy at all. You may use Ghost Pepper if you like hot and savory meals. This pepper will offer the hottest zest to different foods.

Chilies consumption offers warmth and heat to our bodies. It improves the digestion process and enhances taste buds. The taste of cuisines gets better with pepper addition. Moreover, chilies are rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin A, fiber, protein, and iron. 

However, take precautions while feasting on any chili dish. Consuming excessive chilies can create health problems like high blood pressure, haemorrhoids, skin acne, acidity, vomiting, nose bleeding, stomach ulcer, and nausea. 

Read this article carefully to know about Bhut Jolokia’s secrets. Besides, it highlights the farming states, flavor, and safety precautions required while eating this hottest pepper.

What is Ghost Pepper?

Bhut Jolokia is the strongest and flavorsome pepper grown primarily in the North-Eastern States of India. The hybridization of Capsicum frutescens and Habanero type-pepper results in Ghost Pepper

Bhut Jolokia Scoville Scale

It is comparable to Naga Morich, a chili cultivated in North-East India. It was mentioned in the Guinness World Records in 2007 for its hottest flavor. It is an exceptionally hot chili that encompasses 1 million SHU (Scoville Heat Units). 

Different Names of Bhut Jolokia

Bhut Jolokia pepper has several names in different Indian states. Some other names of this pepper are Raja Mircha, Bih Jolokia, Naga Jolokia, Raja chili, Tezpur chili, and Borbih Jolokiai. Bhut Jolokia is called King Cobra Chili or King Chili in northeast India. 

Bhutia people gave the ‘Bhut’ term, which means Ghost. It indicates that anyone eating this pepper will experience extreme lip and tongue-burning sensations.

Bhut Jolokia Chili Color

The fully-grown Bhut Jolokia peppers are orange, red, yellow, purple, white, or chocolate colored. The usual length of these chilies is 2.4 to 3.3 inches. One can easily rip this chili as it has a delicate and coarse layer. 

Also read: Ghost Pepper Chicken Curry Recipe

Where it is Found in the World?

The Ghost Pepper or Bhut Jolokia chilies are grown in northeast India for ages. Assam, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Manipur cultivates this chili. Further, these peppers are grown in the neighbouring states of India: Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. You can easily purchase these chilies from local spice stores or online.

Is It Safe to Eat a Ghost Pepper?

Consuming Bhut Jolokia possesses both extreme and fewer risks. At first, this pepper will deliver a sweet taste. But you may experience a fiery feeling after 45 seconds. This spicy sensation will extend for 10 to 15 minutes. The fiery spiciness of this chili will neutralize after half an hour. 

Now, check out the risks associated with Ghost Pepper consumption:

Extreme Risks:

  1. The Capsaicin compound present in Bhut Jolokia increases body temperature. As a result, it will cause disorders in the gastrointestinal tract.
  2. Stomach ache and diarrhoea may happen.
  3. You may encounter breathing issues after the intake of this chili.
  4. Bhut Jolokia smoke can cause an irritated nose, nasal congestion, cough, and sneezing.

Fewer Risks:

  1. Bhut Jolokia intake causes a hot and burning sensation in the mouth.
  2. You will feel the intense heat of these chilies on your lips, gums, and tongue.
  3. You will experience extreme sweating, hiccoughs, and teary eyes issue.   

Is Ghost Pepper World’s Hottest Pepper?

Ghost Pepper world’s hottest pepper

Yes, Ghost Pepper has its name on the list of the hottest peppers worldwide. It is 400 times spicier than Tobasco hot sauce. This is 200 times spicier than Jalapeno and six times spicier than Habanero. It was listed in the Guinness World Records in 2007 for offering 1,041,427 SHU. 

Later, a competition started between several nations to cultivate the hottest peppers. As a result, Trinidad Scorpion Butch T Pepper replaced Bhut Jolokia in 2011 as the spiciest chili. Recently in 2013, Carolina Reaper earned the spiciest chili tag.


Bhut Jolokia has a sweet, hot, and spicy flavour. Both dried and fresh chilies are used in several cuisines to make them flavorful and delectable. It offers a smoky taste to dishes. It is mixed in meat gravies, vegetarian curries, chutneys, sauces, and pickles.

Another secret of Bhut Jolokia is it is used as a spray in villages to frighten away elephants. Additionally, it is one of the top eatables used during eat and drink contests. 

Safety Tips While Using Ghost Pepper

Use the following safety tips when using or ingesting Ghost Pepper:

  1. Always wear hand gloves when handling Bhut Jolokia seeds or peppers.
  2. Avoid touching your face, eyes, or nose after using the peppers.
  3. Washing hands with water and soap is necessary after touching these chilies.
  4. First-time users should try some part of this chili. If the hotness of this chili is intolerable, immediately stop its intake.


You have all the essential details of Bhut Jolokia chillies. So, try this pepper if you can handle its spiciness. People with severe health concerns like skin issues, intestinal problems, or kidney abnormalities should not consume it. Milk or ice cream can cure heartburn or acidity caused after eating this chilli. In extreme health-related troubles, discuss with a doctor.

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